On behalf of TrustAfrica, Bethule Nyamambi was invited to contribute to the workshop convened by the African Risk Capacity Agency (ARC) and the African Union Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture (AU-DREA) held at the African Union, in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, on 26 and 27 November 2018.
Par Amandine Rushenguziminega,
Project Associate International Justice et Illicit Financials Flows
L’exemple de la Suisse, Première Place des juridictions secrètes au monde
Les flux financiers illicites (FFI) ont une importance capitale sur le développement économique, social et même politique de l’Afrique. Ils contribuent à appauvrir le continent. Durant ces cinquante dernières années, l’Afrique a perdu plus de 1’000 milliards de dollars dû aux FFI.
Abdarahmane Wone joined TrustAfrica as Communications Officer in November 2018. He is an experienced journalist and a strategic communications specialist who has been engaged in a full spectrum of communications roles and activities for over two decades, both within and outside Africa. He has worked with key players, sectors and organizations implementing programmes for the benefit of the African Social Science community and for the people of Africa at large. Prior to joining TrustAfrica, he was the head of the Communication Unit of CODESRIA for seven years (2011-2018).
As one of the leading Human Rights activists in his country, Mauritania, Abda has been involved in promoting human rights and good governance for more than twenty years. In 2008, Abda Wone joined the Brooklyn, NY- based CBO, CAMBA, Inc and worked and taught US culture, ESL and Job readiness and professional development to diverse groups of migrant students and job seekers. Prior to being resettled in the United States in 2000, Abdarahmane was a reporter for the Senegalese newspaper, Sud Quotidien.
Abdarahmane Wone received a Bachelor’s degree in International Studies and Political Sciences at SUNY Buffalo (summa cum laude), graduate degree in Journalism and Communications (DESJ) from ISSIC, and a Master’s Degree in International Affairs from the School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) at Columbia University.
Ladies and Gentlemen.
Welcome and thank you for being here. It is indeed heart-warming to see your strong interest in Transitional and International Criminal Justice issues which are at the very heart of our national discourse.
I would also like to appreciate TrustAfrica for organizing this important training. This is further evidence of the potential impact that could be generated by cooperation between States and Civil Society Organisations. I would most importantly like to thank, H.E Ambassador Theo Peter, for being present today and the Kingdom of the Netherlands for supporting this great initiative.
Today marks the beginning of a 5-day training on Transitional and International Criminal Justice for Journalists. Journalism has very often been referred to as the ‘Fourth Estate”, a recognition of the crucial role the media plays in a democratic society. The media throughout modern history has played a crucial role in upholding free speech and protecting democratic practices.
Ogochukwu “Ogo” Chukwudi joined TrustAfrica in November 2018 as a Project Associate for the Kiisi Trust Fund. Ogo worked with Access Bank PLC in Lagos, Nigeria as a relationship officer and prior to joining TrustAfrica, she worked as a Research and Data Analyst for PIND Foundation. Ogo was part of the team that built the Niger Delta Development Map on the NDLink website which encourages partnerships in the Niger Delta. This online platform is currently one of the top online platforms in Nigeria. Ogo is very passionate about the development of the Niger Delta. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Geography and Planning from the University of Lagos, Nigeria and a Master of Arts in International Development from the University of Manchester, United Kingdom. She is also a proud member of Starting Now, which is a network of people who have committed to taking one step to change the world small at first perhaps, but consistent.
Globally, there are increased constraints on external funding and even criminalization of CSOs work. To counter this narrative, an emerging discourse around “participatory philanthropy” is being championed and innovated by civil society activists. Making the shift from external to local resources is one part of this.
In Sub Saharan Africa, the field of organized philanthropy and efforts to developed it has been dominated by Anglophone influences and practices and there has been far less investment in building local philanthropy in Francophone Africa.
Citizens’ mobilizations in several African countries, including Burkina Faso, Senegal, Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Congo Brazzaville, and Madagascar to name a few, have revolutionized democratic processes. These social movements are often born on the eve of elections in opposition to recalcitrant incumbents and the will of certain elites to perpetuate themselves in power.
Fundamental human rights are reported to have diminished in almost two-thirds of the 113 countries surveyed for the World Justice Project Rule of Law Index. This backlash against human rights coupled with a global trend of closing civic spaces creates serious challenges for funders and their grantees. In 2015, 12% of global human rights funding was for work to benefit Sub-Saharan Africa, and included grants from seven Africa-based funders.
This session will discuss a shift towards the more multi-stakeholder end of the philanthropy spectrum, emphasizing participatory philanthropic models. Philanthropy as:
Zimbabwe, Mali, Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
On 22 October 2018, TrustAfrica hosted a panel discussion on "Recent and Prospective Elections in Africa: Zimbabwe, Mali, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo". The panel was held in Dakar, Senegal, on the eve of TrustAfrica's board meeting and, as explained by TrustAfrica Executive Director, Ebrima Sall, was meant to give an opportunity to the board members, to have a conversation with our partners and the general public on some of the key issues related to democratic governance and equitable economic transformation in Africa. In her introductory remarks, Ms. Aicha Ba Diallo, board chair of TrustAfrica, said the panel was an opportunity to look back on recent elections and draw lessons to apply to future elections.
Presidential elections continue to present important tests of democratic consolidation in Africa, particularly in countries emerging from authoritarian rule or conflict. Despite the controversies and contestations that precede or follow elections, peaceful transitions of power in countries like Sierra Leone, Liberia, The Gambia and Burkina Faso have strengthened confidence in the transformative power of electoral contests and the strength of popular participation. Civil society organisations and social movements are playing increasingly important roles not only in monitoring elections (situation rooms and supporting voter participation) but also in keeping the entire electoral process transparent and in compliance with international standards as well as with the constitutions and electoral codes of the countries concerned.
Recent elections in Zimbabwe and Mali witnessed strong performance of opposition candidates, leading to a historic run-off in Mali and a 50/43 split vote in Zimbabwe between ruling ZANU-PF and opposition MDC. The August 2018 elections in Zimbabwe heralded a new post-Mugabe era, but in many ways reinforced the status quo of ZANU-PF dominance. In Mali, July 2018 elections witnessed an unprecedented run-off between the top two candidates but ultimately resulted in the victory of the incumbent. In both cases, opposition forces represented viable threats but ultimately failed to achieve electoral victory. The Cameroonian elections of October 2018 also witnessed the resurgence of strong opposition candidates, riding the momentum of social malaise surrounding the 2-years of civil unrest in the anglophone regions of the country. The long awaited elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo present an assortment of viable candidates, especially in the absence of incumbent Joseph Kabila. Participation trends vary across these countries and provide helpful indicators for gauging levels of citizen engagement and political consciousness. These recent tests of African democracies will be discussed and analyzed with a view to informing TrustAfrica’s programming in support of civic participation.
Objectives of the discussion:
- Share reflections and insights on the implications of recent and prospective elections
- Identify priority indicators for levels of democratic consolidation, and priority actions for citizens movements and institutions supporting free, transparent, peaceful, and fair electoral processes
- Raise visibility of the threats and opportunities presented by future elections
Download the Agenda here.
Click here to view the photos of the meeting on Facebook.