Urgent Action Fund–Africa was established in Kenya in August 2001. The basic aim: to support the work of women in Africa through rapid response grant making and unique initiatives that support women’s leadership in peace-building and justice processes. UAF–Africa thus aims to provide women with the resources required to respond effectively in conflict situations. Will it be possible to build a philanthropic base in Africa to support these activities, Caroline Hartnell asked Betty Murungi, Director of Urgent Action Fund–Africa. And where is support most likely to come from?